FACADES FOR ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT OF MULTIFUNCTIONAL COMPLEX BUILDING OF THE TERRITORY ADJACENT TO THE SOFIYSKAYA WATERFRONT
Moscow, Sofiyskaya waterfront, 4 b. 1, 6 b. 1, 8 b. 1, 3, 10 bs. 4, 5, 6,
Bolotnaya square, 14
Together with "Sergey Skuratov Architects"
2017 - 2019
ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT OF FACADES OF THE COMPLEX
STYLISTIC SOLUTION OF THE FACADES
A figurative solution to the style of the facades was formed mainly from the study of materials on the historical buildings of Sofiyskaya waterfront. In the area of Bolotnaya square, warehouse and industrial buildings were historically located, intensive trade was conducted near the main waterway of Moscow - the Moscow River. The elongated warehouse buildings had a regular rhythm of window openings and an iron pitched roof. Finishing materials that were used in the construction were also traditional: brick and white stone. We use these materials in the design of a new residential complex. In the 19th century, the production character of the waterfront begins to change. Mansions richly decorated with stucco work out on the ewaterfrontin a narrow strip. There are houses with interesting author's solutions to the facades. So, gradually, by the beginning of the 20th century, as a result of historical layers, the existing mixed development was taking shape.
The composition of the four elongated buildings was taken as the basis of the architectural solution of the entire complex. Facades have a rhythmic pattern of window openings. Four cases are different in the drawing of details and the proportions of stone and brick have a common style. The first, and most important, representative building, overlooking Bolotnaya square, is solved entirely in stone. The second building has a stone facade overlooking the Stone Bridge. The inner building is made of brick with stone loggias. The third building is entirely brick located inside the courtyard. And the fourth building has a mixed texture of the facades, where equally brick and stone. Such a decision, according to the authors, allows you to organically fit into the existing architectural context. The representative value of the facades is created by the ornamental modern decor. The drawing is based on the Byzantine ornamental style that distinguishes Russian architecture from European classics. Forged balconies have forged metal and iron castings.
Thus, the facade architecture is built according to the traditional classical canons of rhythm and proportions, it also has a modern solution in the overall planning structure, has modern stained-glass windows and window openings. And in a decorative image carries the memory of Russian architecture.
On the example of Building 3, we can trace the logic of architectural compositional solutions.
Building 3 has a rectangular shape and is located in the central part of the overall composition of the entire complex. All windows of the house overlook the courtyard. The four facades of the building form an internal street with the surrounding houses. The architectural task was to create a cozy image of the Moscow historical low-rise buildings. It is based on a variety of facade solutions and compositions from various species points. The main role in solving these problems is given to finishing materials and the combination of their quality and surface shape, color combination with each other.
The eastern facade opens onto the public territory onto the street, which serves as the main compositional axis towards the Moscow Kremlin, overlooking the Ivan The Great's Bell Tower. The first floor is occupied by expensive shops and art galleries. The facade is entirely made of white stone. In quality, it is marbled limestone of a warm gray color, traditional for historical Moscow architecture. The value of the finish is achieved by the variety of surface treatments. The basement has a matte finish (polished). The rusted part of the facade, forming wide pylons on the surface, has frequent vertical rounded grooves. The ground floor is completed by a patterned cornice-border, which consists of triglyphs and a triangular ornament (matt sawn surface). The facade, which continues the "theme" of the pylons above the first cornice, has a smaller rust and less "brutal" vertical notch. Balcony pilasters combine alternating flat stones (“widget” surface) and trapezoidal flutes. Window profiles wood-aluminum. Inside - oak, outside - from anodized aluminum in dark gray. Glass windows are transparent from the inside, slightly darkened from the outside.
The balcony fences of the third floor are made of type-setting shaped elements of cast iron (color - gray cast iron). The fence of the fourth floor is made of reinforced artificial stone, indistinguishable in color and surface from natural material. The front facade is completed by a built-in stone cornice of triangular borders of various sizes in a common modular grid (matt sawn surface).
The south facade faces the windows of the apartments of Building 1. Therefore, the windows of the apartments of Building 3 are displayed on the eastern and western facades. Despite the fact that there are practically no window openings on the facade, the facade does not seem boring and monotonous. It is divided into two parts. One part continues the theme of the stone eastern facade. Another brick wall is a continuation of the theme of the western facade.
The western facade of Building 3 and the eastern facade of Building 2 form a closed private space for residents. In this space there is a common promenade - a garden, from where you can get into the entrance groups of these houses. The western facade of Building 3 has a developed spatial structure. The basement has recessed terraces, forming a private territory. Three entrance portals extend forward, dividing the private territory into sections. The facade has a horizontal two-part division. The lower basement of the facade is united by the fact that it is made of white stone. The ornamental solution to this part of the wall is made in the form of rusticated pylons. The richness of the picture creates a different texture of the surfaces of the stone.
Stones with shallow vertical notch alternate with a stone whose pattern is made in the form of large flutes. Ornamental stripes alternate with a smooth architectural profile. The upper part of the facade is made of a composition of brown front bricks and stone architectural details. This brick, in itself, has a rich texture in simple masonry. We intentionally complicate the masonry pattern to achieve the maximum result of form richness. First, brick pylons are laid out with rust, then they alternate with borders, and at the junction with the cornice they are decorated with a stone carved inlay. The brick cornice is made of different horizontal brick curb sets. The combination of a large border pattern with a small, stepped protrusions by planes and corners give a rich pattern of the overall shape of the final cornice.
The northern facade of Building 3 is facing the Kremlin waterfront and is visible from the Kremlin, where historically there was a low-rise building.
Architecturally, the facade is solved in the form of a composition of multi-storey residential buildings. The combination of brick and stone helps us in this decision. Visually read two different-story buildings. The stone house is a bit narrower than a brick one. The three-story part of the house stands forward, forming a terrace for the upper floor of the four-story part. The brick facade is remote from the stone ledges. This spatial composition is united by a single socle and belts of uniform borders. The composition is deliberately asymmetric. This decision does not suppress and does not destroy, but allows you to adequately fit into the general composition of the surrounding buildings.